Appendix: Running DOMjudge as a shadow system

It is possible to run DOMjudge as a shadow system behind another system.

Shadowing means that DOMjudge will read events from an external system and mimic all actions described in those events. This is useful if one wants to verify if the results of an external system match DOMjudge, for example to verify both systems give the same judging results. This has been used at the ICPC World Finals for the last few years.

DOMjudge can shadow any system that follows the Contest API specification. It has been tested with recent versions of the ICPC Tools CDS and with DOMjudge itself. Other known systems that implement the specification and that should work are Kattis and PC-Squared.

Configuring DOMjudge

In the DOMjudge admin interface, go to Configuration settings page and modify the settings to mimic the system to shadow from. Also make sure to set data_source to configuration and live data external. This tells DOMjudge that it will be a shadow for an external system. This will:

  • Expose external ID’s in the API for both configuration and live data, i.e. problems, teams, etc. as well as submissions, judgings and runs.

  • Add a Shadow Differences and External Contest Sources item to the jury menu and homepage for admins.

  • Expose additional information in the submission overview and detail pages.

You can also set the external_ccs_submission_url to a URL template. If you set this, the submission detail page will show a link to the external system. If you use DOMjudge as system to shadow from, you should enter[id].

Importing or creating the contest and problems

The contest needs to exist in DOMjudge and have all problems loaded. All other configuration data, like teams, team categories and team affiliations should also exist. The easiest way to create the contest and configuration data is to import it. For this you need JSON files as described in the Import chapter. Furthermore you need problem directories as described on that same page. Place all the files and all directories together in one directory and use the misc-tools/import-contest script to import them. Note that, if you have no team linked to your account, it will complain that it can’t import jury submissions because you have no team linked to your account. That is fine since these submissions will be read using the event feed later on.

Configuration the external contest source

In the DOMjudge admin interface, go to the External Contest Sources page and create an external contest source. Select the contest to import into and enter the source you want to import from.

Another alternative is to use these DOMjudge only keys in the contest.yaml:

  type: contest-api
  source: http(s)://url_to_external_system/api/contests/<contest_id>
  username: user_in_external_system
  password: password_for_user


  type: contest-archive
  source: /path/on/domjudge/filestem/to/clics/compliant/archive

Running the event feed import command

After doing all above steps, you can run the event feed import command to start importing events from the primary system. The external contest source detail page will show you the exact command to run.

If the command loses its connection to the primary system it will automatically reconnect and continue reading where it left off. To stop the command, press ctrl-c. If you rerun the command, it will start again where it left off.

If you ever want to restart reading the feed from the beginning (for example when the primary system had an error and fixed that), you can pass --from-start to the command to start reading from the beginning.

Viewing import warnings

During import a lot can happen. For example, an external system can send an event that contains an unknown dependency, it can send an event we can’t process or we might not be able to download a submission ZIP.

The external contest source detail page will show a list of all warnings that occurred during import. If an event that is imported later fixes a warning, the warning will automatically disappear.

The detail page also shows when the feed reader last checked in, what the last event was that it processed and when it processed that event. This might be useful information to keep track of while shadowing.

Viewing shadow differences

In the admin interface, the Shadow Differences page will show all differences between the primary system and DOMjudge. Note that it will only show differences in the final verdict, not on a testcase level.

At the top is a matrix where a summary of the differences is shown. All red cells are actual differences. If they appear in the JU column or row, this simply means one of the systems is not done yet with judging this submission.

Clicking any of the red cells will show detailed information about the differences that correspond to it. You can also use the dropdowns in the Details section. Clicking on a submission will bring you to the submission detail page.

For submissions with a difference between the primary and shadow system, you can mark a difference as verified on this page. This will make it not show up when only showing Verified submissions. The menu badge will also not take them into account.

The submission details page shows more information related to the shadow differences:

  • If you set the external_ccs_submission_url configuration option, a link titled View in external CCS will appear taking you to the submission in the primary system. Clicking the external ID just below it will do the same.

  • The external ID and judgement (if any) will be shown.

  • A graph of external testcase runtimes is displayed.

  • The external testcase results are shown, but in a summary line as well as with detailed information.

  • If the primary system has a different verdict than DOMjudge, a warning will be displayed.